DEQ Consent Order Program
In 2005 the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) advised the Hampton Roads Sanitation District (HRSD) that it was EPA’s intention to place HRSD under a Federal Consent Decree to address Sanitary Sewer Overflows (SSO’s). The EPA further collaborated with the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) to place thirteen Localities that discharge wastewater to HRSD under a State Consent Order to address SSO’s in the Localities’ systems. JCSA was one of the thirteen Localities included along with Williamsburg, York County, Gloucester, Newport News, Poquoson, Hampton, Virginia Beach, Chesapeake, Portsmouth, Suffolk, Smithfield, and Isle of Wight County. After two years of coordination between HRSD, the Localities, and the DEQ, the Consent Order language and technical standards were completed and the order became effective on September 26, 2007. EPA's Consent Decree with HRSD was issued February 2010.
JCSA completed flow monitoring at 74 of its 76 pump station service areas in order to establish dry and wet weather flow patterns. This information was used to determine which basins exceed inflow and infiltration threshold expectations and require further Sewer System Evaluation Surveys (SSES's). Forty-eight of JCSA's 76 sewer basins have been identified as requiring SSES inspection. Inflow and infiltration is extraneous flow that enters the wastewater collection system through defects in pipes and manholes or by illegal/deliberate connections with storm drains, roof leaders, basement sumps, etc. SSES activities include manhole inpsections, smoke and dye testing, night flow isolation, and closed circuit television inspection of mains. The flow data will also be used in the development of a Regional Hydraulic Model of HRSD's interceptor forcemain system that will enable the Region to better assess capacity issues and pressures in the system.
Following completion of the SSES’s, the Service Authority will prioritize system improvements and rehabilitation projects to be incorporated into the Capital Improvement Program (CIP). It is anticipated that CIP projects resulting from these studies will be scheduled and addressed over the next ten to twenty years.
All public sewer utilities in Hampton Roads recently agreed to participate in a comprehensive study to evaluate the benefits to their customers if we consolidate under one regional organization, most likely HRSD. The expectation is that regionalization would allow for targeted investment in wet weather infrastructure and rehabilitation (without regard to political boundaries) which could potentially translate into the region achieving a more consistent and higher level of service, thus ultimately improving the region’s ability to reduce the potential for sanitary sewer overflows. Representatives of local sewer utilities believe that regionalization can result in benefits to rate payers and the environment. The study which will evaluate the possibilities and constraints associated with regionalization will be funded by HRSD. EPA and DEQ have agreed to delay certain compliance requirements to allow the study to be completed, evaluated and implemented if it finds favor with all parties. The study will take twelve months beginning in August 2012. Review of the study and decisions on its findings are expected to occur in the eighteen month period following completion of the study.
Costs for initial flow monitoring, modeling, and SSES’s are estimated at $200,000 - $500,000. Costs for future rehabilitation work will be dependent on the quantity and types of defects discovered in the wastewater collection system and are anticipated to be in the millions of dollars.
- Flow Monitoring – September 2008
- SSES Plan – December 2008
- Completion of SSES field activities – September 2011
- Condition Assessment and Rehabilitation Plan Reports - November 2013
- Rehabilitation Projects 2014-2024
- JCSA – Danny W. Poe, P.E. Project Manager 757-253-6810
- Contractor – URS Consulting Engineers – Assistance with program management